FLUO Toxoplasma gondii cat
IFA Kit for the detection of IgG antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii.
SAMPLES: serum and plasma
INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS: visual with fluorescence microscope
Format: 10 slides, 50 slides, complete kit
Toxoplasmosis is supported by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular parasite that infects all warm-blooded animals. Cats are the only definitive guests, i.e. oocyst eliminators.
The parasite has three infectious phases: the sporozoites in the oocysts, the tachyzoites (active multiplication phase) and the bradizoites (slow multiplication phase) included in the tissue cysts.
Infection can be caused by congenital route, ingestion of infected tissues (rodents, birds) and contaminated water.
After ingestion, T. gondii In the cat, completes an enteroepithelial cycle in about 3-10 days, with the excretion of oocysts in the stool.
Cats eliminate oocysts in the faeces only for 1-2 weeks
Oocysts sporulate in 1-5 days and become infectious and extremely environment resistant.
The extraintestinal cycle occurs in all intermediate hosts, including the cat, with the ingestion of tissue cysts or oocysts and the formation of tachyzoites. These are disseminated through blood and lymphatic vessels, and infect the cells of almost all tissues.
Infected cells of immunocompetent subjects are isolated in tissue cysts containing bradizoites, generally found in cardiac and skeletal muscles, where may remain dormant forever.
Toxoplasmosis in cats is generally asymptomatic or with transient diarrheal events.
The clinical forms are rare in cats and very rare in dogs.
Acute clinical forms, in immunosuppressed subjects or young animals by transplacental transmission, mainly affect the liver, lungs and central nervous system.
Systemic forms usually develop following the reactivation of a latent infection and affect lung , central nervous system, liver and pancreas, heart and eyes tissues.
Clinical manifestations in dogs mainly consist of systemic signs associated with respiratory, gastroenteric or neuromuscular infections.